Dear students and teachers: Please make sure you subscribe to the free grammar updates here Active and Passive Voice Exercise Rewrite the following sentences so that the verbs will be in the active voice. We are taught grammar by Ms Sullivan. He was praised by the teacher.
Active Voice or Passive Voice? What Is Active Voice? An author may write a sentence in one of two "voices"—active or passive. The active voice emphasizes the performer or agent of the action: Wind Active and pasive voice plant seeds. We have analyzed the results. The active voice is direct performer—verb—receivervigorous, clear, and concise.
The reader knows who is responsible for the action.
What Is Passive Voice? The passive voice, in contrast, emphasizes the receiver or product of the action: Plant seeds are dispersed [by wind]. The relationship was investigated [by Smith et al]. The results have been analyzed [by us]. The passive voice is indirect receiver—verb—performer and can be weak, awkward, and wordy.
Passive voice uses a form of the verb to be followed by a past participle e. If the by phrase is omitted the truncated passivethe reader will not directly know who or what performed the action.
A particularly awkward and ambiguous form of the passive voice occurs when an author uses it as the receiver rather than the first-person pronouns I or we: It is concluded that the treatment is effective. These types of passive-voice sentences are a form of hedging.
In addition to being awkward, sentences written in the passive voice, if not constructed carefully, may contain grammatical errors such as dangling modifiers.
Changing from passive to active voice corrects the error and strengthens the sentence: To investigate the source of nutrients, eggshell membranes were compared. To investigate the source of nutrients, we compared eggshell membranes.
After analyzing the samples, the plants were measured daily. After analyzing the samples, we measured the plants daily. In addition to allowing an author to vary the sentence structure, the passive voice has other important functions.
To learn more, see " The Value of the Passive Voice. Beginning in about the s, however, these pronouns became less common as scientists adopted a passive writing style.
Considered to be objective, impersonal, and well suited to science writing, the passive voice became the standard style for medical and scientific journal publications for decades.
There were exceptions, however. For instance, inone elegantly written paper began: We wish to suggest a structure for the salt of deoxyribose nucleic acid D. But suppose the authors had taken the passive point of view: In this paper, a structure is suggested for the salt of deoxyribose nucleic acid D.
The emphasis is now on the receiver of the action the structurebut at a price—the sentence has lost its clarity who suggested? Emphasize the Active Voice Nowadays, most medical and scientific style manuals support the active over the passive voice.
The passive voice is acceptable in expository writing and when you want to focus on the object or recipient of the action rather than on the actor.
An author may decide to focus on the receiver—and thus use the passive voice—when the performer is unknown or of less importance. For many authors, this occurs most often in the Methods section. Do scientific and medical journals, in their instructions for authors, advise them to write in the active voice?
Many journals indirectly do so by referring authors to a style manual that supports the active voice, or by publishing articles in which active-voice sentences are common and acceptable. Although some journals ask authors to limit first-person pronouns or restrict them to certain sections, others not only encourage authors to write in an active style, but prefer them to use first-person pronouns over passive voice.Voice is the form of a verb that shows whether the subject of a sentence does the action (= the active voice) or is affected by it (= the passive voice).
Examples: In the sentence "James hit the ball," the verb "hit" is in the active voice. Yes, in 1, 'grow' is transitive -- any verb in the passive must be transitive, as intransitive verbs aren't used in the passive voice.
And yes, 2 is the closest version of 1 in the active voice. Good work!
Active and Passive Voice, Answer Key and Teaching Tips 6 9. The - budget was not approved by the appropriations committee. Active Voice Response: The appropriations committee did not approve the - budget. 1 ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE Active Voice: When the subject of a verb performs an action the verb is said to be in the active voice.
The effect of the action may . Task No. Decide whether the sentences are written in Active or Passive. ACTIVE / PASSIVE VOICE. Active voice. In most English sentences with an action verb, the subject performs the action denoted by the verb..
These examples show that the subject is doing the verb's action.. Because the subject does or "acts upon" the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in the active voice.. Passive voice.