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Read this article to learn about some major renewable sources and their development in India! A renewable energy source is generally environment-friendly.
It is also likely to be locally available thereby making it possible to supply energy earlier than in a centralised system. Grid-connected renewables could improve the quality of supply and provide system benefits by generating energy at the ends of the grid where otherwise supply would have been lax.
India has plenty of renewable resources of energy-solar, wind, hydro, and biomass. It was recognised as early as the s that these sources needed to be developed if the growing energy demand was to be met.
Reduce dependence on oil imports through development and deployment of alternate fuels hydrogen, biofuels, and synthetic fuels and their applications to contribute towards bridging the gap between domestic oil supply and demand and thereby improve energy security.
Increase the share of clean power by promoting renewable electricity to supplement fossil fuel based electricity generation. Enlarge energy availability and improve access to meet needs for clean energy for cooking, heating, motive power and captive generation in rural, urban, industrial, and commercial sectors.
Encourage convenient, safe, and reliable new and renewable energy supply options to be cost-competitive. Research, development, and demonstration programmes in new technologies such as geo-thermal, hydrogen energy, fuel cells, alternative fuels for surface transport, etc.
By the end of the Tenth Plan as on 31 March the contribution of power generation from renewables had reached Of this, wind power accounted for MW followed by small hydro at India is implementing the programmes on renewable energy, covering the entire gamut of technologies, including improved chulhas, biogas plants, short rotation fuel wood tree species, biomass gasifiers, solar thermal and solar photovoltaic systems, wind farms, wind mills, biomass based cogeneration, small and micro hydel systems, energy recovery from urban, municipal and industrial wastes, hydrogen energy, ocean energy, fuel-cells, electravans and gasohol, etc.
Several renewable energy systems and products are now not only commercially available, but are also economically viable in comparison to fossil fuel systems. A large domestic manufacturing base has been established for renewable energy systems and products.
A substantial manufacturing infrastructure and consultancy services have also emerged in the country for the design, manufacture and supply of non-conventional energy equipments.
India is now also in a position to offer its goods, technical expertise and services in this sector, particularly to developing countries. Technical guidance and help has been provided to many developing countries for the construction of biogas plants.
Products, which are being exported, include solar photovoltaic modules and systems.
A Swiss company has used Indian designs for the manufacture of small gasifiers. While this figure appears small, the distributed nature of renewables can provide many socio-economic benefits. The lack of institutional support at the grassroots, poor focus on training and maintenance aspects, lack of awareness among rural community, subsidies acting as barrier in cost reduction, etc.
Electric generators driven by water turbines represent an indirect use of solar energy. The flowing, falling water that spins the turbine blades begins as rainfall from clouds; the clouds are formed from water vapours lilted by sunlight warming the earth.
Totally renewable, and without the pollution produced by burning fossil fuels, hydroelectric energy is one of near-ideal energy resources. Unfortunately, the number of places where such a system can be set up is limited. Large projects bring their own environmental problems—deforestation, and uprooting o.
They alter downstream ecology as well as ecology in the lake area behind the dam. Huge areas get submerged causing loss of flora and fauna. Also, the time taken to construct these projects is quite long. Increasing thought is now being given to small size hydro projects—mini-hydel or micro-hydel—which can be built on small streams and even canals, without large dams.
These are eminently suitable in mountainous areas.
The small hydro power SHPi. Promotion of SHP continues to be a thrust area in India for generating grid quality power from renewable energy sources.
It has been recognised that SHP can play a critical role in improving the energy position in some parts of the country and in particular in remote and inaccessible areas.
The gestation period and capital investment are also getting reduced in SHP projects. A database has been created for potential sites suitable for SHP projects. Models have been developed that take into account the available geomorphological and hydrological data and use Geographic Information Systems GIS for identification of potential sites.
A software package has been developed for Himachal Pradesh, which incorporates regional hydrological models for rapid estimation of the hydro power potential and other salient features of potential sites. While there exists a manufacturing base for small hydro sector in the country, research and product development are required to improve efficiencies and reduce the equipment costs.
The main objective of this effort is:6v Battery Carry Strap Ac Delco Car Battery Price List Autozone Car Battery Jump Starter 6v Battery Carry Strap Car Battery Cell Plate Cleaner Replacement Battery For Barbie Car There is often a built in device in brakes permits .
India has plenty of renewable resources of energy-solar, wind, hydro, and biomass. It was recognised as early as the s that these sources needed to be developed if the growing energy demand was to be met. Air Conditioner Using Engine Exhaust Heat. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, Last Edited: Engine waste heat from exhaust gases is used as heat source for generator of vapour absorption system.
a car air conditioning system is proposed from recovery of engine waste heat using engine exhaust as source of generator for. We've listed 20 Topics for CSE in previous post, here is the next 10 topics for computer science students, if you have any ideas, project lists, topics, seminar topics do send it .
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