Functions of Fate Schema: The Case of Persian and English Salva Shirinbakhsh, Abbass Eslamirasekh Abstract With an aim to contribute to the present knowledge of intercultural communications, this study explores the cultural schemas of ghesmat and fate in Persian and English societies. Particularly, it tries to demonstrate how comparable these two cultural schemas are across the speakers of the two speech communities. Data were collected by triangulation, through ethnographic observations, movies, and websites.
Overview[ edit ] Cultural communication and the fate of of ideas and cultures amongst all of the civilizations of the world. Trend that will eventually make all of human experience and customs the same since all cultures are coming together into one Occurs in everyday life, through wireless communication, electronic commerce, popular culture and international trade Attempt to promote a Western lifestyle and possibly Americanize the world.
Contributing Factors[ edit ] New technology and forms of communication around the world help to integrate different cultures into each other Transportation technologies and services along with mass migration and individual travel contribute to this form of globalization allowing for cross-cultural exchanges Infrastructures and institutionalization embedded change e.
Industrialization demand for raw materials to supply industries. Science grew immensely with electronic shipping, railways, and new forms of communication, such as cable technology Contemporary Phase of Globalization Present [ edit ] Struggle after cold war led to a slow but steady increase in cultural flows with the immigration of peoples, ideas, goods, symbols and images.
Represented global cultural interconnectedness, which eventually led to developments in transport and transport infrastructures such as jet airlines, construction of road and rail networks.
This allowed for more tourism and shifting patterns of global migration. The field is notably broad as there are several concepts which may be perceived as cultural or transnational. The two most successful global food and beverage outlets, McDonald's and Starbucksare American companies often cited as examples of globalization, with over 36,  and 24, locations operating worldwide respectively as of Cultural globalization is one of the three main dimensions of globalization commonly found in academic literature, with the two other being economic globalization and political globalization.
Cultural globalization, however, is much more difficult to capture using quantitative data, because it is difficult to find easily verifiable data of the flow of ideas, opinions, and fashions.
Kluver and Fu followed up with an extended analysis, using this method to measure cultural globalization in Southeast Asia. Although globalization has affected us economically and politically, it has also affected us socially on a wider scale.
With the inequalities issues, such as race, ethnic and class systems, social inequalities plays a part within those categories.
Within the media and pop culture, it has shaped individuals to have certain attitudes that involve race issues thus leading to stereotypes. It brings together globalizationurbanization and migration and how it has affected today's trends.
Before urban centers had developed, the idea of globalization after the second world war was that globalization took place due to the lifting of state restrictions by different nations.
There were national boundaries for the flow of goods and services, concepts and ideas. Jan Pieterse suggested that cultural globalization involves human integration and hybridization, arguing that it is possible to detect cultural mixing across continents and regions going back many centuries.
The Indian experience, to take another example, reveals both the pluralization of the impact of cultural globalization and its long-term history. Homogenization[ edit ] An alternative perspective on cultural globalization emphasizes the transfiguration of worldwide diversity into a pandemic of Westernized consumer culture.
Such cultural globalization may lead to a human monoculture. The global influence of American products, businesses and culture in other countries around the world has been referred to as Americanization.
This influence is represented through that of American-based television programs which are rebroadcast throughout the world. Major American companies such as McDonald's and Coca-Cola have played a major role in the spread of American culture around the globe.
Terms such as Coca-colonization have been coined to refer to the dominance of American products in foreign countries, which some critics of globalization view as a threat to the cultural identity of these nations.
Conflict intensification[ edit ] Another alternative perspective argues that in reaction to the process of cultural globalization, a " Clash of Civilizations " might appear. Indeed, Samuel Huntington emphasizes the fact that while the world is becoming smaller and interconnected, the interactions between peoples of different cultures enhance the civilization consciousness that in turn invigorate differences.
Indeed, rather than reaching a global cultural community, the differences in culture sharpened by this very process of cultural globalization will be a source of conflict.
McWorld argues for a different "cultural division" of the world. In his book the McWorld represents a world of globalization and global connectivity and interdependencelooking to create a "commercially homogeneous global network".
This global network is divided into four imperatives; MarketResourceInformation-Technology and the Ecological imperative. On the other hand, " Jihad " represents traditionalism and maintaining one's identity. Whereas "Clash of Civilizations" portrays a world with five coalitions of nation-states, "Jihad vs.
McWorld" shows a world where struggles take place on a sub-national level. Although most of the western nations are capitalist and can be seen as "McWorld" countries, societies within these nations might be considered "Jihad" and vice versa.That’s an example of back channel communication and it greases the wheels of any kind of communication.
Clearly, words are very important because they communicate a specific content. But non-verbal behavior also communicates content, as well as much more. Global communication according to Oni () is observed to the flattening the cultural terrain in the direction of the dominance of the modes and material practices .
Toyota in Valenciennes, France: Cultural Communication and the Fate of the Yaris Claude Boulle, former Ministry of Labor official and current Vice President of. Carey, “Overcoming Resistance to Cultural Studies,” Communication and Culture, 89– View all notes Conversely, Dewey represents pragmatism, democracy, community, and communication as a humane and humanistic/hermeneutic practice in which everyone gets to participate in making meaning.
Regarding communication and language, which of the following statements is MOST accurate?
a. Language is similar to communication. b. Language is synonymous with communication. c. Language is a form of communication. d. Communication is a form of language. Contrary to the prevailing view in media and cultural studies, philosopher John Dewey and journalist Walter Lippmann did not represent different schools of thought.
They were not adversaries in a great public debate about the fate of the public in modern democracies in the s.