The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices ACIP recommends vaccine schedules for children, adolescents and adults based on scientific evidence and the benefits of preventing infectious diseases. School and daycare immunization requirements serve as a "safety net" for children who do not receive their recommended immunizations as an infant or small child. All school requirement laws are state-based and usually reflect the recommendations of the ACIP.
Print Immunization Guiding Principles Immunization is Immunization health care delivery of the most cost-effective means of public health promotion and disease prevention.
Vaccines prevent disease, disability, and death in children and adults. Sustaining high vaccine coverage levels in children and adolescents, increasing coverage rates in adults, effectively communicating the safety and value of vaccines, and incorporating new vaccines into the routinely recommended immunization schedule requires vigilance and adequate resources I.
States and territories are responsible for enacting vaccine requirements for entry into schools, child care facilities, Immunization health care delivery post-secondary institutions.
Currently, all states and territories have school vaccination requirements, but both the requirements and the types of exemptions medical, religious, or philosophical permitted vary by jurisdiction. ASTHO supports the following principles to strengthen state and territorial immunization policies: The authority to exclude unvaccinated and other non-immune persons from high-risk settings during an outbreak situation.
ASTHO supports the following principles to ensure high quality state and territorial immunization programs: The use and improvement of technology systems to maintain or advance accountability within immunization programs.
Several states and territories have additional programs to support the provision of vaccines. ASTHO supports the following principles to ensure adequate resources for state and territorial immunization programs: Increased, stable federal funding to support the broad public health infrastructure necessary for a successful vaccine delivery system, meet the increasing cost of vaccines, and provide safety-net coverage for those without adequate healthcare coverage.
Vaccine financing policies that recognize the value of vaccines and provide adequate compensation for vaccines and vaccine delivery, as well as incentives for continued vaccine research and development. Vaccine billing systems that allow states and localities to bill adequately insured children, adolescents, and adults served in the public sector.
Sustaining adequate funding for the Section Immunization Grant Program and the Vaccines for Children program to provide vaccines for the uninsured and underinsured populations. Sustaining the Section Immunization Grant Program to provide the core immunization functions that facilitate an efficient and effective immunization enterprise, which include immunization information systems, accountability, provider education, community outreach, and reaching vulnerable populations, among others.
Federal funding for immunization programs distributed to state, territorial, and local grantees in the most equitable manner based on four criteria: Children and adolescents should receive immunizations in a setting that is linked to their primary healthcare, and often the optimal location is the medical home.
ASTHO supports the following principles to enhance access to vaccines: Evidence-based strategies to improve and sustain immunization coverage levels that can be adapted to state, territorial, tribal, and local needs. Health policy and immunization goals based on the most comprehensive data available, including the use of multiple national surveys and state-level immunization information system data.
The National Immunization Survey NIS is the most cost-effective tool currently available for measuring state-by-state and territorial vaccine coverage levels and needs enhanced federal funding to measure coverage levels for the expanded child and adolescent immunization schedule.
Strategies to improve and sustain adult and adolescent immunization coverage. Targeted interventions and tailored programs to reduce disparities in immunization coverage rates.
Research to determine optimal coverage levels for newly recommended vaccines and to assess the barriers to reaching these levels.
This data should be used to develop programs and interventions to improve coverage levels. Research to identify continued gaps in coverage and the best options for addressing them. After a vaccine is licensed in the United States, public health experts review epidemiologic data to monitor for vaccine safety and efficacy.
National systems have been developed to compensate individuals harmed by rare vaccine side effects. ASTHO supports the following measures to improve and monitor vaccine safety: Continuous evaluation of the safety and efficacy of existing vaccines, and ongoing research to improve the safety and efficacy of vaccines and vaccine delivery techniques.
Continued emphasis on the development of appropriate vaccine safety, vaccine hesitancy, and risk communication messages.
Research to ensure the safety of vaccines, to evaluate the effectiveness of vaccine delivery strategies, and to better understand disease transmission. Incentives and policies to encourage vaccine development and ensure a stable, adequate, and safe vaccine supply. The periodic reassessment of the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program and the Vaccine Injury Table to determine their adequacy and appropriateness.
Information explaining the risks and benefits of vaccines and the availability of compensation for vaccine-related injuries must be developed by the federal government and distributed in a timely manner through effective and appropriate education efforts by all entities and providers delivering vaccines.The Defense Health Agency Immunization Healthcare Branch (DHA-IHB) supports all Department of Defense (DoD) immunization programs and provides clinical consultative services, educational support, and training resources for the entire DoD family.
The videos are designed to promote participation and discussion by women who attend weekly or fortnightly meetings at the Anganwadi Center.
The video series will augment your communication efforts in a small group setting. Immunization Waiver Information. In December, , the Joint Committee on Administrative Rules approved a new educational requirement for Michigan parents opting their children out of getting vaccinated before entering school.
Official U.S. government health recommendations for traveling. Provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Standards Maternal immunization against tetanus 3 Audit Input indicators A national policy and strategies and plans related to MNT are available in health facilities.
ANC care providers are acquainted with the vaccination schedule and know how to check. The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) - Immunization information, including brochures, the Michigan Childhood Immunization Registry, the National Immunization Program & provider information.