Ancient Greece Ancient Greece was the birthplace of Western philosophical ethics.
Posted on May 16, by Scott Alexander I. I was delighted to see nydwracu say something similar in the comments to my recent post: At best I will call this post Kant-aligned.
Second, I want to talk about how I find myself using Kantian principles in my own morality.
Kant gives the following dilemma. Suppose that an axe murderer comes to your door and demands you tell him where your friend is, so that he can kill her. Your friend in fact is in your basement. You lie and tell the murderer your friend is in the next town over.
Most people would say that the lie is justified. I think most people understand his argument as follows: But suppose everyone thought that all the time. Then everyone would lie to everyone else, and that would be horrible.
Kant urges us to reject actions which, if universalized, would be self-defeating or contradictory. Suppose you are a prisoner of war. Your captors tell you they want to kill your general, a brilliant leader who has led your side to victory after victory.
They have two options. First, a surgical strike against her secret headquarters, killing her and no one else. Second, nuking your capital city. You point to a warehouse you know to be abandoned. Your captors send a cruise missile that blows up the warehouse, killing nobody.
Then they hold a huge party to celebrate the death of the general.
With her brilliant tactics, your side wins the war and you are eventually rescued. So what about now?
Was your lie ethical? Your captors are offering you a positive-sum bargain: That leaves both of us better off.
You are lost in the desert, about to die. The very selfish man agrees and drives you to safety. So you both gain.Kant's Moral Philosophy: A thorough overview based on The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals and later works including the topics of good will, duty, categorical and hypothetical imperatives, autonomy and kingdom of ends by Robert Johnson in the Stanford Encyclopedia.
Imannual Kant’s ethical and moral theory is an established and a very well-known fact and is considered to be important. Kant’s ethical theory is also known as “respect for persons”.
Kant calls his basic moral principle, as the “Categorical Imperative”. Immanuel Kant (–) is the central figure in modern philosophy.
He synthesized early modern rationalism and empiricism, set the terms for much of nineteenth and twentieth century philosophy, and continues to exercise a significant influence today in metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, aesthetics, and other fields.
“Contractarianism” names both a political theory of the legitimacy of political authority and a moral theory about the origin or legitimate content of moral norms. The history of Western ethics Ancient civilizations to the end of the 19th century The ancient Middle East and Asia.
The first ethical precepts must have been passed down by word of mouth from parents and elders, but as societies learned to use the written word, they began to set down their ethical beliefs.
These records constitute the first historical evidence of the origins of ethics.
Kantian ethics refers to a deontological ethical theory ascribed to the German philosopher Immanuel plombier-nemours.com theory, developed as a result of Enlightenment rationalism, is based on the view that the only intrinsically good thing is a good will; an action can only be good if its maxim – the principle behind it – is duty to the moral plombier-nemours.coml to Kant's construction of the moral law is the.