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Not only does this include a wide range of indigenous built environments but the influx of white immigrants, from onwards, also ensured that many of the styles emerging in Europe, America and Asia during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries found reflection in local buildings.
In spite of these apparently disparate roots however, South African architecture Reflection paper on revivalism, nonetheless, achieved a wider homogeneity, being united by a common concern towards climate and materials, and an ability, on the part of local builders, to adapt, adopt and reinterpret the building forms and textures of other cultures.
In the process they have also given them new meaning in terms of local values and building customs. This has given rise to numerous cases of cross-cultural pollination.
The trims of Victorian colonial buildings, for example, have been reinterpreted by local artists and incorporated into their traditional decorative patterns; the rural use of exterior space has influenced the growth of an urban verandah, porch and patio tradition; and the European medieval "longhouse", imported to the Cape by early white settlers, adapted to local conditions and spread throughout Reflection paper on revivalism region to become a house form common to black and white farmers alike.
This paper seeks to formulate a series of simple definitions of a number of architectural traditions as they found expression in southern Africa.
However it should be borne in mind that descriptions of "style" are always problematic as they tend, by their very nature, to generalise and create stereotypical images. Therefore the interested reader wishing to pursue this study to greater depth is addressed to the relevant literature on the subject.
The people are more correctly known as the amaBhaca. The people are more correctly known as the amaBomvana. It usually consisted of a two-cell unit, one being used as a family bedroom, whilst the second functioned as a cooking and multi-purpose space. The roof was thatched and usually followed a ridged and hipped form, but it could also be ridged and gabled.
The Cape cottage may be seen as a forerunner to both Cape Dutch architecture as well as the more humble flat roofed house of the southern African interior. It was based upon a short span gabled roof and symmetrical plans, usually with an I, T, H or U configuration.
Farmhouses were largely single storied with thick lime-washed walls and relatively narrow and well-disposed door and window openings. Roofs were thatched with local reed and terminated by characteristic gables, the latter undergoing, over the years, a number of stylistic changes.
Town houses could reach two storeys in height and, after the s, were invariably flat-roofed. The architecture of this period is marked by the reintroduction of such elements as small-paned timber sash windows and, more generally, the poor re-interpretation of the earlier gable tradition.
Perhaps the most prominent of its proponents was Herbert Baker who, following his arrival at the Cape inbegan to use the buildings of early Dutch settlers as inspiration for many of his designs. It began to find architectural applications in Europe from onwards and reached the Cape as early as During the Victorian era it was most commonly used in such elements as decorative trims and motiefs, windows, balcony pieces and street lamps, although its strength under compression made it pre-eminently suitable for columns and structural supports.
It also found use in the field of prefabricated building where structures framed in cast iron members and clad with corrugated iron sheeting were exported by Britain to its colonial markets.
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The relatively small size of such dwellings indicates that they could have been built to house herd-boys and their activities. Larger corbelled stone structures were also used as lime kilns in parts of the eastern and western Cape by early white settlers.
It was also sometimes referred to as Ironic Architecture. This material was introduced in England during the late s in the form of cast sheets and reached this country in the mid or late s. Its relatively light weight made it an ideal material for the production and export of pre-fabricated housing to the colonial markets of India, Australia and South Africa.
Structures conformed to neo-classical principles using such elements as roof parapets, pedimented windows and imposing porticos supported by classical columns. In domestic architecture sash windows were replaced by casement openings, verandahs became simpler and greater use was made of plaster work, pargeting and mouldings.
Farm buildings were generally single storied but town houses often reached two floors. Walls were thick and built in stone and the ridged roof, thatched or tiled, was terminated at either end by simple linear parapet gables.
In many instances fireplaces were located at either end of the building and the resultant chimney flue projecting through the gable apex gave it its characteristic square capping.On the heels of her break-through debut album Natalie Prass’ new album ‘The Future and the Past’ is a celebratory & defiant impassioned call for compassion & .
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Reflection on the Intellectual Legacy of the Sokoto Jihad This paper attempts to make a reflection on the intellectual contributions of the Jihad leaders so as to provide further insights on such developments.
2. struggle for Islamic revivalism. The Largest Emission of Radiation by the Sun in 15 years called a Solar Flare could disrupt mobile telephone communications as well as television and radio .
Reflection Paper #1 Rhonda Carter Theology D11 LOU April 15, I. Introduction This paper will be written to discuss the two topics I have chosen to write about for my first reflection paper. The topics I chose are spiritual gifts and love.
Reflection Paper on Revivalism Words | 8 Pages. Syllabus CH – Church History II: From the Reformation to the Present (3 cr.) Fall, (September , ) affect the final paper. Given the intensive nature of this course, only one half-day absence is permitted.
The reflection should provide a brief historical background.