The recent public incidents in which police judgments or actions have been called into question have raised fundamental concerns about police accountability and governance.
Introduction The fundamental mission of government is the protection of its citizens. As the most visible arm of government, law enforcement officers are on the front line in the fight to protect citizens from harm, and to preserve public order.
To attain this goal, society grants police officers authority unique in civil government, that of controlling the behavior of their fellow citizens. In the most direct way, and on a daily basis, police officers are engaged in the control and management of the behavior of other members of society.
Law enforcement has historically had limited options for the use of deadly and non-lethal force. Nightsticks and blackjacks had been in existence for many years and were the only impact weapons available for routine use. Many officers utilized improvised weapons, such as flashlights and homemade striking devices.
The training offered to officers in the use of weapons was very limited, frequently involving only basic firearms instruction.
As criminals on the street gained greater access to a wider range of weapons, law officers experienced a compounded need for more diverse options in both the deadly and non-lethal force arenas.
Weapons such as stun guns, aerosol chemical sprays, and martial arts equipment have become available without any type of licensing process in many states. Additionally, larger caliber and higher capacity firearms, coupled with advances in weapon concealment options, have presented an increased threat to officer safety.
In a relatively short period of time, these weapon developments led to law enforcement falling behind in the level of technological sophistication required to meet the increasing threat levels faced by officers on the street. This increased expectation gave rise to expanded opportunities for litigation at both the state and federal levels, which in turn further fed the media engine.
Thus, a cycle of increased expectations and heightened criticism of law enforcement gave rise to increased risk management efforts by agencies at every level of the justice system. The result of these societal forces has been an increase in police use of non-lethal weapons and techniques, such as aerosol sprays, impact weapons, and simplified defensive tactics systems.
Additionally, a wider selection of restraint methods and devices has become available. During the last 10 to 15 years, law enforcement has also diversified its selection of firearms, replacing outmoded revolvers with higher capacity semi-automatic pistols, and in many cases, traditional pump-action shotguns with semi-automatic shotguns and rifles.
Advances in ammunition and firearms design have given rise to the wide spread adoption of more powerful calibers for police armament, such as the. In order to assure the most effective and efficient use of this enhanced technology, significant advances have been made in law enforcement training methodology.
Systems for use of various tools and techniques have been developed. While manufacturers and vendors of the new technology initially developed these systems, the law enforcement profession has begun to develop non-brand specific training in many regards. This is an important development, as it allows for the integration of various force and control tools and techniques into more contextually accurate training methodologies.
So that new technologies are properly utilized, and to assist in the proper implementation of training programs, law enforcement has developed enhanced procedural guidelines over the past two decades."But Cmdr.
Evans is entitled to due process just like every other citizen in the United States of America. to increase awareness of controversial issues.
Police Accused of Excessive Force.
Police response to protests across the country in the wake of several high-profile police shootings points to a need for better standards, says Amnesty.
Abstract. This study examines the relationship between support for excessive use of force by the police and support for Trump during the primary election cycle.
From the Force Science Institute in Mankato, Minnesota to the ecological reserve outside Rio de Janeiro that houses Condor Non-Lethal Technologies’ police training center, the “use of force” industry has grown into a worldwide marketplace.
May 29, · An analysis by Oakland Police Beat in April found that the city's taxpayers had paid out $74 million to resolve at least lawsuits accusing police officers of brutality, misconduct and.
Aug 12, · The thinking is that, just as most police departments now voluntarily report their crime statistics, once a wide swath of departments make their use-of-force data available, others will follow suit.