Criminal psychology Have you ever wondered what causes Serial Killers and Psychopaths to do what they do? Here you may find reasons to explain the actions of these individuals as well as the findings of psychologists who specialize in this field. Psychologists that specialize in these individuals are Criminal and Forensic Psychologists. Criminal psychology is the study of the wills, thoughts, intentions and reactions of criminals, all that partakes in the criminal behavior.
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How to Write a Summary of an Article? Development of Criminal Mind: Nurture A number of studies conducted in many countries over the years have come to similar broad conclusion which clearly indicates that genes play a significant role in determining criminal behavior.
There are of course no specific genes associated with criminal tendencies nor any specific set of genes that can directly code for criminal behavior is assumed to exist. Rather, a wide variety of genes acting in a deadly concert bring about various degrees and types of genetic predisposition to criminal behavior.
Criminal behavior is caused both by environmental and genetic influences, and most often it happens through a complex interaction between them. Crime is neither genetically nor environmentally determined, but there are often strong heritable influences in criminal behavior as well as noticeable environmental causes.
For example, adoption studies investigating the nature vs. Less surprisingly, but as certainly, they have been able to identify the role of numerous adverse psychological and social factors in actualizing criminal behavior.
The relative importance of heredity and environment in determining human behavior has long been a seriously debated issue.
In the early decades of the twentieth century, for example, William James believed that our behavior is largely shaped by the power of instincts and inherited tendencies present at birth. Quite in contrast to James, John Watson, the founder of Behaviorism, believed in the power of conditioning, and the infinitely plastic human capacity to be molded by the forces of environment Butterfield In the case of humans, the situation becomes complicated because of the presence of a superior intelligence.
Humans are enormously impressed and influenced by their environment. They also can readily learn from their environment and adapt their behavior accordingly. Yet by no means can the hereditary factors be easily dismissed.
It can be easily observed in day to day life that children with different genotypes react differently to the same environments and seek out different experiences.
All of us have a general notion of right and wrong. But the criminal orientation of mind which tends to flout many of these accepted notions of right and wrong usually begins to form at a very early age in life.
Heritability is an important determinant in a wide variety of personality factors. A few decades ago it was believed that that genetics played no part in formation of antisocial and criminal behavior. Many of us generally tend to place the blame on poverty, parental abuse, poor child-rearing, or some childhood trauma etc, or at least used to do so before the current fad of placing everything on genes developed.
To date, there is already considerable evidence from twin and adoption studies of a moderate effect of genetics in chronic criminality. Two reviews have surveyed the available literature and found that with one exception all the 15 major studies indicate evidence for a significant element of genetic predisposition.
It is remarkable that researchers in different countries and cultures have discovered compatible evidence Eysenck Twin studies of juvenile delinquents show no significant disparity between identical and fraternal twins, thereby indicating a greater impact of environment over and above the effects of genetics.
However studies in adult criminality show concordances for fraternals and identicals in the ratio of 1 is to 2, indicating a significant genetic predisposition. In adoption studies, evidence from one particular large study of criminal behavior in adopted children in Denmark has shown that there is a noticeable tendency for these children to pursue a path of antisocial behavior, unconsciously following the path of their biological parents Steen A study examined the conviction record of over 14, adopted sons to that of their biological and adoptive parents.
The results of this study demonstrated that the criminal record of adopted parents environmental factors has a minimal effect on adopted children. Such studies clearly show that the influence of absent genetic parents is significantly higher than the influence of environmental parents who may be very much present.
Interestingly though, the inherited tendencies have been seen to come into play in this study only in regard to property crime and not in violent crime. It has also been noticed that the adoptee was more likely to commit a crime if the biological mother had a criminal record.
Here the theory is that since women are less prone to crime than men, if a woman has committed a crime she must have had a stronger genetic compulsion to do so, which her biological son was more likely to inherit despite him being brought up far away from her.
In another study of similar nature, psychologists studied the records of adopted men who were born out of wedlock in Stockholm between and After extensive, meticulous and painstaking investigations into a slew of wide variety of records and data sources, information was compiled on the patterns of criminality, alcohol abuse, and medical problems, among other things, in the individuals as well as both in their biological and adoptive parents.
The majority of the adoptees came from a genetic background that did not involve crime, were adopted into families with no taint of crime, and expectedly themselves displayed no criminal tendencies.Peer Commentary.
Criminality Is a Product of Genes and Environment Maureen E. Wood Rochester Institute of Technology. In considering the roles of genetics and environment on criminal behavior, or any behavior for that matter, I think the best explanation is that there is a complex interaction between one's inherited traits and the environment in which he or she lives.
Jun 11, · Persuasive Speech Topics. Persuasive speech refers to a particular type of speech in which the speaker has the objective of persuading the audience to accept his or her perspective. Development of Criminal Mind: Nature Vs.
Nurture A number of studies conducted in many countries over the years have come to similar broad conclusion which clearly indicates that genes play a significant role in determining criminal behavior. The essay is the most important part of a college appllication, see sample essays perfect for applying to schools in the US.
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