Technology and Industrial Development in Japan: Building Capabilities by Learning, Innovation and Public Policy Hiroyuki Odagiri and Akira Goto Abstract Japan was the first major non-Western nation to take on board the Western technological and organizational advances of the century after the first industrial revolution. It subsequently proved fully able to exploit and contribute to the broad, sustained technological advances that began in the 20th century, as science became harnessed to technology.
Just one missile, they feared, could destroy the whole network of lines and wires that made efficient long-distance communication possible.
Ina scientist from M. Licklider proposed a solution to this problem: Such a network would enable government leaders to communicate even if the Soviets destroyed the telephone system. Inanother M. That way, each packet can take its own route from place to place.
The first computer was located in a research lab at UCLA and the second was at Stanford; each one was the size of a small house. The Network Grows By the end ofjust four computers were connected to the ARPAnet, but the network grew steadily during the s.
Throughout the s, researchers and scientists used it to send files and data from one computer to another. However, in the Internet changed again.
Berners-Lee created the Internet that we know today. Since then, the Internet has changed in many ways. Ina group of students and researchers at the University of Illinois developed a sophisticated browser that they called Mosaic. It later became Netscape. Mosaic offered a user-friendly way to search the Web: It allowed users to see words and pictures on the same page for the first time and to navigate using scrollbars and clickable links.
That same year, Congress decided that the Web could be used for commercial purposes. As a result, companies of all kinds hurried to set up websites of their own, and e-commerce entrepreneurs began to use the Internet to sell goods directly to customers.
More recently, social networking sites like Facebook have become a popular way for people of all ages to stay connected.Knowledge of Japanese technological and economic history can contribute importantly to our understanding of economic growth in the modern era.
This book studies the industrial development of Japan since the midth century, with particular emphasis on how the various industries built technological capabilities. This group includes the printing press (1) and also paper, (6) and now of course the Internet, (9) the personal computer, (16) and the underlying technology for the modern data age, semiconductor.
The history of technology is the history of the invention of tools and techniques and is one of the categories of the history of humanity.
Technology can refer to methods ranging from as simple as stone tools to the complex genetic engineering and information technology that has emerged since the s. The field of computer networking has been shaped by many key breakthroughs and technological developments over many decades.
How many do you remember? Major Events in The History of Computer Networks Share Pin Email Print Skegbydave / Getty Images. Internet & Network. Internet History from Its Humble Beginnings to the Social Web.
Internet 10 Greatest Technological Inventions (8/12) Compared to inventions that have existed for hundreds of years, such as the microscope or telescope, the Internet is still in its infancy.
Since the mids, the Internet has had a revolutionary impact on culture, commerce, and technology, including the rise of near-instant communication by electronic mail, instant messaging, voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephone calls, two-way interactive video calls, and the World Wide Web with its discussion forums, blogs, social networking, and online shopping sites.