Somalia was known to the ancient Egyptians as the Land of Punt.
Somalia was known to the ancient Egyptians as the Land of Punt. They valued its trees which produced the aromatic gum resins frankincense and myrrh. Punt is also mentioned in the Bible, and ancient Romans called it Cape Aromatica.
Somalia is named for the legendary father of the Somali people, Samaal or Samale. The Somali people share a common language, Somali, and most are Muslims of the Sunni sect. Somalis also live in northern Kenya; in the Ogaden region of eastern Ethiopia; and in Djibouti, to the northwest of Somalia.
In spite of national boundaries, all Somalis consider themselves one people. This unity makes them one of Africa's largest ethnic groups.
It is bordered on the north by the Gulf of Aden, on the east by the Indian Ocean, on the southwest by Kenya, and on Tradition culture and issues facing india west and northwest by Ethiopia and Djibouti.
At approximatelysquare milessquare kilometersSomalia is about the size of Texas. Its coastline extends about 1, miles 2, kilometers. Somalia is hot for much of the year, with two wet and two dry seasons.
Vegetation is generally sparse, except in the area between the Jubba and the Shabeelle Rivers in south-central Somalia. A semiarid plain called the Guban runs parallel to the northern coast of Somalia. The Karkaar Mountains extend from Somalia's northwestern border to the eastern tip of the Horn of Africa, with the highest point, Shimber Berris, at 7, feet 2, meters.
South of the mountain ranges, a central plateau known as the Haud extends to the Shabeelle River and westward into the Ogaden region of eastern Ethiopia. During the rainy seasons, from April to June and from October to November, this area provides plenty of water and grazing lands for livestock.
Somalia's two rivers, the Jubba and the Shabeelle, flow from the Ethiopian highlands into southeastern Somalia. The Shabeelle Leopard River does not enter the Indian Ocean but instead turns parallel to the coast and runs southward for miles kilometers before drying up in marshes and sand flats.
The Jubba flows year-round into the Indian Ocean. The port city of Mogadishu, in southeastern Somalia on the Indian Ocean, is the largest city and the traditional capital of Somalia. Mogadishu was largely destroyed in the fighting between clans during the civil war of the s.
In a Somali assembly voted to make Mogadishu the new president's base but to move other government functions to the city of Baidoa, northwest of Mogadishu, until the capital could be rebuilt. No census was taken in Somalia untiland those figures were not reported.
The large number of nomads makes it difficult to get an accurate population count. Population estimates have been made based on the — census, which recorded a population of 7. In spite of the death toll due to famine and civil war in the s, population estimates range from 9 million to About three-quarters of the people live in rural areas and one-quarter in the cities.
Ethnic Somalis make up about 95 percent of the population. All Somalis speak Somali, the official language. Somali did not become a written language until January Common Somali is the most widely spoken dialect, but Coastal Somali and Central Somali also are spoken.
Somalis frequently use wordplay and humor in everyday communication. Arabic, the language of the Qur'an, is spoken and read for religious purposes.
A small percentage of Somalis also speak Italian, and a growing number speak English. Educated young adults from well-to-do urban families may speak five or more languages.
The most widely recognized symbol is the camel, because it provides transportation, milk, meat, income, and status to a majority of Somalis. Other symbols of Somalia are the five-pointed white star on the Somali flag and the crescent, which represents the new moon and is a universal symbol of the Islamic faith.
Each point of the star represents a land that is home to Somali people: Somalis hope that one day all these territories can become a unified Somali nation. The leopard is considered the national symbol of Somalia. Two African leopards adorn the national emblem, a five-pointed white star on a light blue shield with a gold border.Culture of Somalia - history, people, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social, dress Sa-Th.
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