Acronym for grapheme cluster. Acronym for Graphic Character Global Identifier. Partition of the characters into major classes such as letters, punctuation, and symbols, and further subclasses for each of the major classes. Also known by the abbreviation "g11n".
Ishii had proposed the creation of a Japanese biological and chemical research unit inafter a two-year study trip abroad, on the grounds that Western powers were developing their own programs. One of Ishii's main supporters inside the army was Colonel Chikahiko Koizumiwho later became Japan's Health Minister from to Koizumi had joined a secret poison gas research committee induring World War Iwhen he and other Imperial Japanese Army officers became impressed by the successful German use of chlorine gas at the second battle of Ypreswhere the Allies suffered 15, casualties as a result of the chemical attack.
A jailbreak in autumn and later explosion believed to be an attack in led Ishii to shut down Zhongma Fortress.
In addition to the establishment of Unitthe decree also called for the establishment of an additional biological warfare development unit called the Kwantung Army Military Horse Epidemic Prevention Workshop later referred to as Manchuria Unit and a chemical warfare development unit called the Kwantung Army Technical Testing Department.
This term originated as a joke on the part of the staff because the official cover story for the facility given to the local authorities was that it was a lumber mill. However, in an account by a man who worked as a junior uniformed civilian employee of the Imperial Japanese Army in Unitthe project was internally called "Holzklotz", which is a German word for log.
They included infants, the elderly, and pregnant women. The members of the unit, approximately three hundred researchers, included doctors and bacteriologists ; most were Japanese, although some were Chinese and Korean collaborators.
Researchers performed invasive surgery on prisoners, removing organs to study the effects of disease on the human body. These were conducted while the patients were alive because it was thought that the death of the subject would affect the results. Those limbs that were removed were sometimes re-attached to the opposite sides of the body.
Some prisoners had their stomachs surgically removed and the esophagus reattached to the intestines. Parts of organs, such as the brain, lungs, and liver, were removed from some prisoners. To study the effects of untreated venereal diseasesmale and female prisoners were deliberately infected with syphilis and gonorrhoeathen studied.
Prisoners were also repeatedly subject to rape by guards. The resulting choleraanthraxand plague were estimated to have killed around and possibly more thanChinese civilians. Plague-infected fleasbred in the laboratories of Unit and Unitwere spread by low-flying airplanes upon Chinese cities, including coastal Ningbo inand ChangdeHunan Province, in This military aerial spraying killed thousands of people with bubonic plague epidemics.
Once frozen, which testimony from a Japanese officer said "was determined after the 'frozen arms, when struck with a short stick, emitted a sound resembling that which a board gives when it is struck'",  ice was chipped away and the area doused in water.
The effects of different water temperatures were tested by bludgeoning the victim to determine if any areas were still frozen.
Variations of these tests in more gruesome forms were performed.
Four or five unit members, dressed in white laboratory clothing completely covering the body with only eyes and mouth visible, handled the tests.
A male and female, one infected with syphilis, would be brought together in a cell and forced into sex with each other. It was made clear that anyone resisting would be shot.
Testimony from multiple guards blames the female victims as being hosts of the diseases, even as they were forcibly infected. Genitals of female prisoners that were infected with syphilis were called "jam filled buns" by guards.
A Youth Corps member deployed to train at Unit recalled viewing a batch of subjects that would undergo syphilis testing:2. unit - an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole; "the reduced the number of units and installations"; "the word is a basic linguistic unit" component part, part.
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In this unit, we will examine professional expectations and how they impact teachers' personal lives. From the News Consider the video .
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